A coordinate system is a geometric system used to describe the position and orientation of an object or workpiece surface. It is used to make measurements in relation to a reference plane or point, and serves as the basis for the design and production of workpieces in the manufacturing industry.
The coordinate system consists of three axes that are orthogonal to each other. These axes are referred to as the X, Y, and Z axes. The X axis runs horizontally from left to right, the Y axis runs horizontally from front to back, and the Z axis runs perpendicular to the plane of the X and Y axes, upwards.
The coordinate system is used in metrology to make measurements and inspections of workpieces. The workpiece is clamped in a measuring device and measured with a measuring machine. The measuring machine captures the position of the workpiece in relation to the coordinate system, determining its precise shape, size, and location.
The use of the coordinate system allows for the measurement and inspection of complex workpiece geometries by conducting measurements in a standardized reference system. This enables errors and deviations in production to be detected and corrected before the workpiece is used in the production process. This results in higher quality produced workpieces and contributes to reducing waste and scrap.
In summary, the coordinate system is an important tool used to perform precise measurements and inspections of workpieces. It serves as a reference system that allows for the description and verification of the position and location of the workpiece in a standardized manner. This improves the quality of produced workpieces and reduces costs associated with waste and scrap.