Measuring turbine blades is an essential step in the manufacturing and maintenance of turbines to ensure that the blades meet the specified requirements. Here is a detailed description of the process:
- Preparation of the measuring device: First, a specialized measuring device is prepared, tailored to the specific requirements of turbine blades. The measuring device may include a combination of clamping devices, reference surfaces, and adjustable mechanisms to ensure precise positioning of the blades.
- Preparation of the turbine blades: The turbine blades are cleaned and free from contaminants or coatings before measurement. This ensures that the measurements are performed on a clean surface, providing accurate results.
- Mounting the turbine blades: The turbine blades are securely and stably mounted in the measuring device, ensuring that they do not move during the process. This allows for precise measurements without any movement or vibration affecting the results.
- Selection of the measurement method: Depending on the specific requirements and geometries of the turbine blades, the appropriate measurement method is chosen. This may involve the use of tactile measurement sensors, non-contact sensors such as laserscanner, or a combination of different measurement techniques.
- Measuring the turbine blades: The actual measurement takes place by guiding the measurement sensors along the surface of the blades. In tactile measurements, a measurement arm or coordinate measuring machine (CMM) is used to capture the 3D coordinates of the blade surface. In non-contact measurements, laserscanner or optical sensors are employed to capture the surface topography.
- Data acquisition and processing: The collected measurement data is transferred to the measurement system and processed in real-time. The software analyzes the data to extract features such as blade geometry, surface roughness, edge profiles, and other relevant parameters.
- Quality assessment and deviation analysis: The obtained measurement results are compared with the specified tolerance values and design specifications. A deviation analysis allows for the identification of tolerance violations, irregularities, or defects in the turbine blades. This helps evaluate the quality of the blades and initiate corrective measures if necessary.
- Report generation: Finally, the measurement results are documented and recorded in a report. The report includes detailed information about the conducted measurements, identified deviations, and recommendations for any required corrective actions. The report serves as evidence of the quality of the turbine blades and can be presented for certification or auditing purposes.
- Corrective actions: Based on the identified deviations and the recommendations in the measurement report, appropriate corrective actions can be initiated. These may include reworking the blades, replacing faulty blades, or making other adjustments. By measuring the turbine blades, it is ensured that they meet the required quality standards, thereby guaranteeing the performance and efficiency of the turbine.
It is important to note that measuring turbine blades is a complex process that requires specialized knowledge, expertise, and highly precise measuring equipment. Therefore, the measurement is often performed by specialized metrology technicians or engineers who possess the necessary expertise and resources.
Measuring turbine blades is an integral part of quality assurance and process control in turbine manufacturing and maintenance. Precise measurements allow for the early detection and resolution of potential errors or deviations, ensuring high performance and reliability of the turbine.